The necessary steps in wine making can be summarized as follows:
1.Extract the flavor and fragrance from the base ingredients by chopping, crushing, pressing, boiling or soaking them.2.Add sugar, acid, nutrients, and yeast to the fermentation media or liquor to achieve the proper ratio and ferment, enclosed, for 3 to 10 days in a primary fermentation vessel (crock, jar or polyethylene container) at 70-75 degrees Fahrenheit.
3.Strain off the liquid from the pulp, put it (the liquid) into a secondary fermentation vessel (a carboy or jug), fit a fermentation trap (airlock) on the mouth of the bottle, and allow fermentation to proceed at 60-65 degrees Fahrenheit until all bubbling stops (after several weeks).
4.Siphon the wine off the sediments into a new clean secondary fermentation vessel. Reattach the fermentation entrap. Repeat after other one or two months and again before bottling.
5.When wine is clear and all fermentation has stopped, siphon into wine bottles and cork the bottles securely. Leave corked bottles upright for 3-5 days and then store them on their side at 55 degrees Fahrenheit for six months for white wine to a year for red wine before sampling. If not up to expectations, allow to age another year or more.
Tags: Wine Making process, Winemaking at home, Winemaking recipe, Winemaking procedure, Winemaking steps